The Department of Veterinary Science was established in 1915 and includes the Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center, Genetic Testing at Gluck and Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The Department of Veterinary Science, a UK Ag Equine Program, is in the College of Agriculture, Food and Environment at the University of Kentucky.

The mission of the Department of Veterinary Science is to assure the health and viability of animal agriculture through teaching, discovery, research and service. Faculty in the Department of Veterinary Science frequently collaborate on research projects with faculty in UK's College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, College of Medicine, with veterinarians in central Kentucky and scientists at other institutions worldwide.